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Aerophagia, a condition characterized by excessive air swallowing, can lead to uncomfortable gastrointestinal symptoms. In this article, we explore the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for aerophagia. By understanding this condition, individuals experiencing its symptoms can seek appropriate medical guidance and find relief.


Aerophagia can cause a range of uncomfortable symptoms, including:

  • Abdominal distension
  • Bloating
  • Belching
  • Flatulence

Aerophagia vs. Indigestion

Although aerophagia and indigestion may share some symptoms, they are distinct disorders. Unlike aerophagia, indigestion may involve additional symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, feelings of fullness without eating large amounts, and weight loss.


Aerophagia can be caused by various factors, including:

  1. Mechanics: Certain habits and actions can contribute to excessive air swallowing, such as eating quickly, talking while eating, chewing gum, drinking through a straw, smoking, mouth breathing, vigorous exercising, consuming carbonated beverages, and wearing loose-fitting dentures.
  2. Medical Conditions: Individuals using noninvasive ventilation (NIV) machines, such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines for sleep apnea, may be prone to aerophagia. Additionally, individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or certain types of heart failure may also have a higher risk.
  3. Psychological Factors: Anxiety has been linked to aerophagia, with some individuals using excessive air swallowing as a learned coping mechanism to manage stress.


To diagnose aerophagia, doctors may first rule out other common digestive disorders such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), food allergies, and bowel blockages. If no physical cause is found, and symptoms persist, a diagnosis of aerophagia may be made.


While there is limited drug therapy available for treating aerophagia, certain strategies and therapies can be effective:

  1. Speech Therapy: Improving breathing techniques while talking through speech therapy can help reduce excessive air swallowing.
  2. Behavior Modification Therapy: Conscious awareness of air swallowing, practicing slow breathing, and learning effective stress and anxiety management techniques can be beneficial. Behavior therapy that focuses on breathing and swallowing has shown positive results in reducing symptoms.


Individuals with aerophagia can also take steps to manage the condition at home:

  • Taking small bites and thoroughly chewing food before swallowing
  • Modifying swallowing techniques
  • Eating with the mouth closed
  • Practicing slow and deep breathing
  • Avoiding behaviors that contribute to aerophagia, such as smoking, drinking carbonated beverages, and chewing gum
  • Ensuring a proper fit for dentures and CPAP machines
  • Addressing underlying conditions, such as anxiety, that may contribute to aerophagia


Aerophagia can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life, but there are effective treatments available. Seeking medical advice and implementing appropriate remedies can help manage and potentially alleviate the symptoms associated with aerophagia. If you’re experiencing symptoms of aerophagia, consult a healthcare professional to discuss the best course of action for your specific situation.

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